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小学英语疑问句型总结


时间:2015-02-28 来源:实用英语考试网 浏览次数:70  【华夏培训网:中国教育培训第一门户

----What’s your bedroom like? ----你的卧室是什么样儿的?   ----There is a big closet and a new mirror. There are blue curtains。   ----卧室里有一个大衣橱和一面新镜子。还有蓝色的窗帘。

 I、询问姓名、年龄:name,How old
  1. ----What’s your name? ----你叫什么名字?
  ----My name is ________. ----我叫……。
  2. ----What’s his name? ----他的名字是什么?
  ----His name is Mike. ----他的名字是麦克。
  3. ----What’s her name? ----她的名字是什么?
  ----Her name is Chen Jie.----她的名字是陈婕。
  4. ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?
  ----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。
  5. ----How old is he/she? ----他/她几岁了?
  ----He/She is 23. ----他/她23岁。
  II、询问颜色:colour
  1. ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?
  ----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。
  2. ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?
  ----They’re green. ----绿色的。
  III、询问时间或日期:When
  1. ----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?
  ----It’s nine o’clock.. It’s time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。
  (----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed。) (----八点。该上床睡觉了。)
  2. ----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?
  ----It’s Monday. ----星期一。
  ----What do we have on Mondays? ----我们星期一上哪些课?
  ----We have Chinese, English, math … ----语文、英语、数学……
  3. ----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?
  ----It’s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日。国庆节。
  4. ----When do you do morning exercises? ----你们什么时候做早锻炼?
  ----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。
  IV、询问方位或地方:Where
  1. ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?
  ----It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿。在椅子下面。
  2. ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?
  ----It’s on the first floor. ----在一楼。
  3. ----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?
  ----They’re in the door. ----在门上。
  4. ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起。请问图书馆在哪儿?
  ----It’s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。
  5. ----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?
  ----I’m from China. ----我从中国来。
  6. ----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?
  ----It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。
  V、询问数量或价钱:How many , How much
  1. ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?
  ----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。
  2. ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?
  ----I have 16. ----我有十六支。
  3. ----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人?
  ----Three. ----三人。
  4. ----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?
  ----It’s ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。
  5. ----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?
  ----They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。
  XVI、“How”问句:How tall,How heavy,How long
  1. ----How tall are you? ----你有多高?
  ----I’m 160 cm tall. I’m taller than you. ----我有160公分。我比你高。
  2. ----How heavy are you? ----你有多重?
  ----I’m 48 kg. You’re heavier than me. ----我有48公斤。你比我重。
  3. ----How do you go to school? ----你怎么上学?
  ----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. ---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。
  4. ----How can I get to Zhongshan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去?
  ----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。
  (----Go straight for five minutes. Then turn left. It’s on the left。)
  ----直走五分钟。然后左转。公园就在左边。、
  5. How long 有多长?
  VIII、询问身体状况或情绪:feel,matter
  1. ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?
  ----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。
  ----How does Chen Jie feel? ----陈洁感觉如何?
  ----She’s tired. ----她很疲倦。
  2. ----What’s the matter? ----怎么了?
  ----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat. ----我的喉咙疼。
  3. ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗。莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。
  ----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。
  VI、询问想吃的东西:would like
  1. ----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ? ----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?
  ----I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup. ---我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。
  2. ----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么?
  ----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。
  VII、询问天气状况:weather
  1. ----What’s the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何?
  ----It’s rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢?
  ----It’s sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天。天气很热。
  IX、询问职业、身份或人物:Who,What
  1. ----What’s your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的?
  ----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。
  2. ----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的?
  ----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English。
  ----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。
  3. ----Who’s that man / woman? ---那位男士 / 女士是谁?
  ----He’s my father. / She’s my mother. ----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。
  4, ----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?
  ----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。
  5. ----Who’s your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?
  ----Miss Wang. ----王老师。
  ----What’s she like? ----她长什么样儿?
  ----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。
  X、询问兴趣、喜好:favourite
  1. ----What’s your favourite food / drink? ----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么?
  ----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。
  2. ----What’s your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么?
  ----Winter. ----冬天。
  (----Which season do you like best? (----你最喜欢哪个季节?
  ----Winter。) ----冬天。)
  ----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?
  ----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。
  3. ----What’s your hobby? ----你的爱好是什么?
  ----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。
  ----What’s his hobby? ----他的爱好是什么?
  ----He likes riding a bike. ----他喜欢骑自行车。
  4. ----Do you like peaches? ----你喜欢吃桃子吗?
  ----Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。
  XI、询问平时一般做的事情:What
  1. ----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?
  ----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football.----我通常做作业。有时候踢足球。
  XII、询问正在做的事情:What + -ing
  1. ----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?
  ----I’m doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。
  2. ----What’s your father doing? ----你父亲正在做什么?
  ----He’s writing an e-mail. ----他正在写电子邮件。
  3. ----What’s the tiger doing? ----那只老虎在干什么?
  ----It’s running. ----它在奔跑。
  4. ----What are the elephants doing? ----那些大象在干什么?
  ----They’re drinking. ----它们正在喝水。
  XIII、询问将要做的事情:What/Where/When+going
  1. ----What are you going to do? ----你准备做什么?
  ----I’m going to the cinema. ----我准备去看电影。
  ----When are you going to do? ----你准备什么时候去?
  ----This afternoon. ----今天下午。
  2. ----where are you going this afternoon? ----今天下午你准备到哪儿去?
  ----I’m going to the bookstore. ----我准备到书店去。
  ----What are you going to buy? ----你打算买点儿什么?
  ----I’m going to buy a comic book. ----我准备买本漫画书。
  XIV、询问曾经做的事情:
  1. ----Where did you go last weekend / yesterday / on your holiday?
  ----你上周末/昨天/假期到哪儿去了?
  ----I went to Wuhan. ----我去了武汉。
  2. ----How did you go there? ----你怎么去的?
  ----I went by train. ----我坐火车去的。
  3. ----What did you do there? ----你在那儿做了些什么?
  ----I went shopping. ----我去购物了。
  XV、一般疑问句:
  1. ----Is this your bedroom? ----这是你的卧室吗?
  ----Yes, it is. ----是的。
  ----Is your sister in the living room? ----你姐姐在客厅吗?
  ----No, she isn’t. / Yes, she is. ----不在。/ 在。
  2. ----Is this your skirt? ----这是你的短裙吗?
  ----Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. ----是的。/ 不是。
  3. ----Is your English teacher young? ----你的英语老师年轻吗?
  ----Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. ----是的。/不。她不年轻。
  4. ----Are these / those / they cucumbers? ----这些 / 那些是黄瓜吗?
  ----Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. ----是的。/ 不是的。
  5. ----Is there a river in the park? ----公园里有一条小河吗?
  ----Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. ----有。/ 没有。
  ----Are there any bridges in your village? ----你们村子里有桥吗?
  ----Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t. ----有。/ 没有。
  6. ----Can I wear my new shirt today? ----我今天可以穿新衬衫吗?
  ----Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. ----可以。/ 不可以。
  7. ----Can you wash your clothes? ----你会洗衣服吗?
  ----Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. ----会。/ 不会。
  8. ----Does your pen pal live in Shanghai? ----你的笔友住在上海吗?
  ----No, he doesn’t. He lives in Beijing. ----不。他住在北京。
  9. ----Does she teach English? ----她教英语吗?
  ----No, she doesn’t. She teaches math. ----不。她教数学。
  10. ----Did you read books yesterday? ----你昨天读书了吗?
  ----Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ----读了。/ 没读。
  XVII、其他:
  1. ----What’s in the classroom? ----教室里有什么?
  ----A board, six lights, three fans, many desks and chairs。
  ----一块黑板、六盏灯。三把电扇和许多桌椅。
  2. What about you? / How about you? ----你呢?
  3. I like the white sweater with the green skirt. ----我喜欢这件白毛衣配这条绿短裙。
  4. ----Whose is it? ---它是谁的?
  ----It’s mine / yours / his / hers. ----是我的。/ 你的。/ 他的。/ 她的。
  5. ----What can you do? ----你会做什么?
  ----I’m helpful. I can sweep the floor and do the dishes. ----我很能干。我会扫地、洗盘子。
  6. ----What’s your bedroom like? ----你的卧室是什么样儿的?
  ----There is a big closet and a new mirror. There are blue curtains。
  ----卧室里有一个大衣橱和一面新镜子。还有蓝色的窗帘。

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